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Link EcoChange Task 01.02.02: Map production and aggregation
As a result of Task01.02.02 “Map production and aggregation”, 24 European land cover products were generated. Firstly, European land cover maps were compiled for the reference years 1960, 1990 and 2000. Secondly, aggregated products were derived at different spatial and thematic resolutions in order to synthesize the fragmentation and variability within coarser cells for biodiversity assessment and modelling. The official deliverable is D01.02.01 “Land cover maps for environmental modelling at multiple scales” includes the description of all digital land cover products. The interactive website enables you to view the all land cover data sets at all thematic and spatial scales. The data sets have been used already in several tasks. First of all, in task 01.02.03 to perform fragmenation analysis at differenent spatial resolutions and years. Secondly, to desaggregate the land cover information into habitat distribution maps (geo-spatial modelling), also part of Task 01.02.03. And as an input for the land use scenarios.
Link EcoChange Task 01.02.03: Refined Classifications; desaggregation of CORINE land cover into ecological relevant classes
The major objective here was to develop a refinement of land cover information into relevant ecological classes. This task can be considered as part II of the deliverable report D01.02.02. The modeling of the spatial distribution of habitats focussed especially on the forest and grassland ecosystems, since they are the major focus of the ECOCHANGE project. Much effort was made on the establishment of the knowledge rules for the relationship between CORINE land cover classes (CEC, 1994; Bossard et al, 2000; Büttner et al, 2004) and the Annex 1 Habitats (European Commission, 2007). The knowledge rules were largly based on the ecological knowledge of Dr R.G.H. Bunce who was responsible for that specific part. Knowledge rules can be improved in the future by more in-depth exploitation of the in-situ data and use of more European expert knowledge which will definitely improved the developed spatial models, although some habitats are so locally distributed or weakly described that their spatial identification identification at the European scale is hardly possible.
Link EcoChange climate data
In the framework this project climatic data files were compiled at CRU, by Dimitrios Efthymiadis, Keith Briffa and Phil Jones, from original observational and modelled climate data sets with a focus on the European region. These data files represent various surface climate parameters in the form of either 30-year means (1961–1990 & 2071–2100), or monthly mean time series (1950–2100), over a common geographical frame (12°–42°E & 30°N–72°N). The data can be used for species and biodiversity modelling, after appropriate local downscaling to finer spatial resolutions. An overview of the data files together with a brief analysis of specific seasonal climatic fields are provided in the data description section, whereas tabulated lists give the data file names, content, format and the associated hyperlinks for data downloading (subject to the conditions specified for each data category). They are accompanied by ancillary data notes and a references list. To assist with the use of these data, seasonal maps (for winter & summer) of all parameters are provided, currently in the form of postscript files. Some, statistics have also been calculated for selected modelled climate parameters, for the period 2071–2100.
Link ECONNECT project
The ECONNECT project aims at the enhancement of ecological connectivity across the Alpine range. The project involves International umbrella organisations linked to the Alpine Convention, scientific institutions and local implementation partners. All these entities have joined forces to demonstrate the need for connectivity across the Alps as well as exploring the best options for coordinated action and the development of innovative tools to promote ecological connectivity.
Link Ecological Networks in the European Alps
Connecting natural spaces is of key importance for the nature protection goals of the Alpine Convention, and the Ecological Network Platform has thus been established under the aegis of the Alpine Convention with the goal of supporting the creation of a cross-border alpine network of protected areas and connecting elements. The Ecological Continuum Initiative, which is promoted by the Alpine Network of Protected Areas (ALPARC), the International Commission for the Protection of the Alps (CIPRA) and the International Scientific Committee for Alpine Research (ISCAR) has created a common Alps-wide framework in which people can now take measures at the local level to protect or restore corridors between the habitats of the flora and fauna. More information can be found on their shared website.
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